This article is an English translation of Frederick William Engdahl‘s article which first appeared on the Kopp Verlag blog under the German title: China bereitet Goldalternative zum Dollar-System-vor.
Current Chairman of the G20 group of nations China has invited France, among others, to organize a special conference in Paris. The fact that such a conference has taken place in an OECD country, is an indication of how weak the supremacy of the U.S.-dominated Dollar-system has already become.
On the 31 of March 2016, a special meeting with the name “Nanjing II” took place in Paris. In attendance was the Governor of the Central Bank of China, Zhou Xiaochuan. He gave a detailed presentation about the broader use of SDR or Special Drawing Rights of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), a basket of five major world currencies.
Only a very few priviledged guests were invited. These included German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne and the IMF chief Christine Lagarde. They discussed with China the world financial architecture. What was striking and significant is the fact that not a single high-ranking US official participated.
Bloomberg reported about the Paris talks: “China aims to achieve a much stricter management system, in which private sector decisions are to be made by governments” said Edwin Truman, a former official of the Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury. “The French have always advocated an international monetary reform. Consequently they are china’s first choice ally.”
A China Youth Daily (China Youth) newspaper journalist, who was also in Paris said: “Zhou Xiaochuan pointed out that the international monetary and financial system, presently undergoing a structural adjustment, will cause many challenges for the world economy” . . . According Journalist Zhou, “China’s goal, as the current chairman of the G20 talks, is to promote a much wider use of the SDR.”
For most of us this sounds as exciting as watching grass grow in the prairies. But behind this seemingly insignificant technical request, the overarching Chinese strategy turns out to be more and more the removal of the U.S. Dollar from its dominant role as a reserve currency of the world’s central banks.
China and others want to put an end to the tyranny of the bankrupt U.S. Dollar-system. This system has made it possible to finance countless wars with funds borrowed from other countries that have never been paid back. The strategy boils down to end the dominance of the U.S. Dollar as the currency for most of the world traded goods and services: This is no small matter!
Despite the U.S. economy being a wreck and Washington’s astronomical national debt of 19 trillion U.S. Dollars, up to 64 percent of all central bank reserves are still held in U.S. Dollars. The largest holder of U.S. Dollar debt is China, followed closely by Japan. As long as the U.S. Dollar is the “reserve currency”, Washington can accumulate endless deficits, knowing that countries like China have no serious alternative but to invest their foreign exchange profits into U.S. government bonds or government-guaranteed loans.
As I often pointed out, this in fact means that “China is de facto financing the Washington military campaigns,” which is in complete contradiction with Chinese or Russian interests, “as well as the numerous U.S. State Department color revolutions from Tibet to Hong Kong, Libya to the Ukraine or IS [ISIS, ISIL, Al Qaeda] in the Middle East,” and the list goes on and on…
A world made of many currencies
As we take a closer look at all the steps the Beijing government has taken since the 2008 global financial crisis – in particular the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank [AIIB], the New Development Bank [NDB] of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), and the bilateral agreement with Russia on energy supplies settled in domestic currencies thus bypassing the U.S. Dollar – it becomes clear that Zhou and Beijing’s leadership are pursuing a long-term strategy.
As British economist David Marsh pointed out regarding Zhou’s comments at the recent Nanjing II meeting in Paris, “China is pragmatically and steadily establishing a backup system of many currencies in the heart of the international world order.”
Since China’s currency was added to the selected group of SDR currencies last November, there is the system of multiple currencies, which China calls the “4 + 1 system.” It includes not only the U.S. Dollar (fhe first) the Euro, the Pound Sterling, the [Japanese] Yen but also the Renminbi [also known as Yuan] (the fourth). These are the five SDR components.
In order to strengthen the recognition of the SDR, the Central Bank of China has begun to publish its total foreign exchange reserves – the world’s largest – in both SDR and in U.S. Dollar.
A golden future
However, the Chinese alternative to the dominance of the U.S. Dollar goes much further than the propagation of the paper currencies of the SDR basket. China is obviously aiming at restoring an international gold standard. Most likely it won’t be based on the bankrupt Bretton Woods dollar exchange system, U.S. President Richard Nixon unilaterally terminated in August 1971, when he told the world, that in the future, they would have to swallow the paper Dollar and would not be able to redeem gold with it. At that particular juncture a global inflation — in U.S. Dollar — kicked in, an inflation, that future economic historians will most likely remember as “the greatest inflation ever.”
One estimates that between 1970 and 2000 the global U.S. Dollar circulation rose by more than 2.500 percent. Since then it has expended to well over 3.000 percent: and this, without any legal requirement to secure this U.S. Dollar amount in a predetermined ratio to gold, thus cancelling any worldwide U.S. Dollar inflation restriction. As long as the world is forced to have U.S. Dollars to pay for oil, grain and other goods, Washington can write checks endlessly without any fear of having them burst because of “insufficient cover.”
In conjuction with the fact that since 1971 another silent Wall Street Bank coup d’état has taken place, claiming any hint of representative democracy and constitutional government for itself, we have the craziest money printing machine very similar to Goethe’s 18th century poem: the Sorcerer’s apprentice. The fiat creation of U.S. Dollars has literally run out of control!
Since 2015, China is striving to replace the London, New York and Western Financial hubs responsible for gold fixing rates. As I reported in my longer August 2015 analysis, China and Russia are making great progress, to back up their currencies with gold in order “to make them as good as gold”, while currencies such as the debt ridden Euro or the bankrupt and credit inundated U.S. Dollar are struggling for survival.
In May 2015, China announced that it had established a state owned gold mutual / investment fund. The initial goal is to create a pool of 16 billion U.S. Dollars and convert it into the largest physical gold-fund in the world. China is also developing a gold mine project along the new high-speed rail lines that have been called the “New Economic Silk Road” or “a road or a belt,” President Xi promotes.
According to China, the goal should be to enable Eurasian countries, along the Silk Road, to raise the backing of their local currencies with gold. Countries along the Silk Road and the BRICS, having the majority of the world population, natural and human resources, would then become completely independent of anything the West has to offer.
In May 2015, China’s Gold market in Shanghai formally established the “Silk Road Gold Fund” (Silk Road Gold Fund.) The two main investors in the new fund were the two largest gold mining Chinese companies: the Shandong Gold Group with 35 percent of the shares and the Shaanxi Gold Group with 25 percent. The Fund will invest in mining projects along the railways of the Eurasian Silk Road and also in the larger not yet explored regions of the Russian Federation.
Very few know thus far that South Africa is no longer the gold king of the world. South Africa is only ranking annual gold production country number seven. China is number one and Russia number two.
On May 11, just before the founding of new China Gold Fund, China’s National Gold Group Corporation signed an agreement with the Russian gold mining group Polyus Gold, Russia’s largest operator of gold mines and one of the ten largest in the world. Both companies will tap the gold deposits at Natalka in the Far East, in the district of Kolyma the province Magadan, which is still considered the largest in Russia.
Recently, the Chinese government and its state-owned companies have shifted their strategy. Today, with the official date of March 2016, China holds more than $ 3.2 trillion of foreign currency as a reserve in its central bank. Of these – it is believed – that about 60 percent, or almost two trillion dollars are in assets such as U.S. Treasuries or quasi-government bonds, mortgage bonds of mortgage companies such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Instead of investing all their dollar revenues from trade surpluses in increasingly inflated and worthless US Treasury bonds, China has set in motion the strategy to purchase assets worldwide.
On top of the Chinese “shopping list” of Beijing’s foreign assets is the purchasing of gold mines around the world. Although the price of gold has tightened slightly since January, it still moves on a five-year low, and many mining companies, threatened by bankruptcy, are in serious need of liquidity. Gold is just about to hit the Renaissance start button.
The beauty of gold is not only the fact that countless buyers use it as a hedge against inflation but is also the most beautiful of all precious metals.
In his work The Republic, Greek philosopher Plato identified five types of forms of government – aristocracy, plutocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny, tyranny which is the lowest and most scurrilous of them all. He then lists the aristocracy or the rule of the wise (philosophers’ kings) with the “golden souls” as the highest form of government, which is very kind and of the highest integrity. Throughout the history of mankind, the value of gold has always been appreciated. China, Russia and other Eurasian nations are bringing gold back to where it deserves to be and this is very good indeed.
Frederick William Engdahl
Copyright © 2016 | The copyright of this site is, unless otherwise indicated, the Kopp Verlag, Rottenburg, Germany | Original German article: http://info.kopp-verlag.de/hintergruende/enthuellungen/f-william-engdahl/china-bereitet-goldalternative-zum-dollar-system-vor.html | Translation Bruno P. Gebarski.
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